Re: [thredds] future TDS WCS support for irregular/curvilinear grids?

I agree, it appears that GeoTiff does not support the curvilinear case, you would have to regrid. One could output netcdf/CF, i think.

On 6/15/2011 10:09 PM, Tom Kunicki wrote:

Having worked with the importing WCS output via GeoTIFFs for use with NetCDF-Java i'm not sure it's possible to define a curvilinear model coordinates using the current GeoTIFF tag set.

The pertinent portion of the GeoTIFF specification is here:

There are two transformation types:

1) Define a tie point as x,y[,z] along with pixel x,y,[z] deltas.


2) Define a transformation matrix such that m(x,y,z,1) = M_t * i(x,y,z,1) with M_t being a 4x4 transformation matrix and m being model coord and i being image coord.

I've validated the GeoTIFF IOSP against all the sample GeoTIFFs available at the <> site and have yet to see an implementation of type 2. I would take this to mean that even if one were to output a transformation of type 2 it would be unlikely that client software would support it (since there doesn't seem to exist validation data for it). That being said I don't think a type 2 definition could be used to define curvilinear mode coordinates.

I guess the point is that WCS support for curvilinear grids would need an output format other than GeoTIFF. The only way to specify a curvilinear grid with GeoTIFF would be to provide model data as a regular grid with a (known) projection mapping to the curvilinear coordinates. I don't think this provides the desired flexibility (projections are limited to known ESG projection-algorithm/parameter-sets or projections via EPSG codes). NetCDF-CDF output from WCS would be needed. I apologize if i've stated the obvious...


On Jun 15, 2011, at 10:00 PM, john caron wrote:

some terms as far as i understand:

regular grids: 1d x, y coordinates evenly spaced. only ones WCS 1.0 allows irregularly spaced grids: 1d x,y, but dont have to be even, eg gaussian latitudes. curvilinear grids: 2d x,y but each section is a quadilateral and connected to its neighbor (implicit topology)

CF allows both irregular and curvilinear grids. one could extend WCS to return netcdf/CF irregular and curvilinear grids, without regridding.

unstructured grids: arbitrary meshes, explicit topology, no CF standard yet.

John, why do you want WCS? To get geotiffs, or ??

On 6/15/2011 7:25 PM, Ben Domenico wrote:
Hi John et al.,

I am currently at the OGC Technical Committee meetings so your note is quite timely. My concept of how this sort of capability might be worked into the standards -- from the netCDF point of view anyway -- is via the CF conventions. We are currently working on a CF extension for the OGC netCDF core standard. At the same time we are working on a CF-netCDF encoding standard for WCS 2.0. But my understanding is that irregular/curvilinear grids are not formally adopted yet as part of the CF conventions. When these grids officially become part of CF, we can then do a revised extension to CF-netCDF and to WCS.

Please correct me if I'm wrong about the status of irregular/curvilinear grids in CF. If you have suggestions for better ways to accomplish this, let me know. But for now this is the general outline of the plan for getting this into the formal standards world.

For what it's worth.
-- Ben

On Wed, Jun 15, 2011 at 6:23 PM, John Maurer <jmaurer@xxxxxxxxxx <mailto:jmaurer@xxxxxxxxxx>> wrote:

    Thanks for the explanation, Ethan. If TDS could handle the
    regridding itself, then it could work. I assume this is what's
    happening on the backend via TDS/ncWMS for GetMap requests since
    the WMS spec doesn't handle irregular/curvilinear grids either
    (right?). I was hoping a future enhancement could someday do the
    same for TDS WCS. Something for the suggestion box.

    On Wed, Jun 15, 2011 at 2:17 PM, Ethan Davis
    <edavis@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:edavis@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>> wrote:

        Hi John,

        TDS currently only supports WCS 1.0.0. The WCS 1.0.0
        itself does not support requesting or returning
        grids. I believe the same is true for WCS 1.1.0.

        I don't belive this is necessarily the case for WCS 2.0.
        However, the
        2.0 specification is written in the new core/extensions
        paradigm and I
        don't believe the extensions necessary to request or return
        irregular/curvilinear grids are yet written.

        The TDS WCS implementation does not currently support
        regridding data.
        So, currently one gets the data from the WCS in the same
        projection in
        which the data is stored. The combination means the TDS WCS
        can only
        serve regularly gridded data.


        On 6/15/2011 5:31 PM, John Maurer wrote:
        > Hi All,
        > We now use the WCS service through TDS to serve GeoTIFF
        files to users.
        > Since it only works for regular grids, I was wondering if
        TDS could be
        > enhanced in the future to support irregular/curvilinear
        grids via WCS?
        > TDS/ncWMS already handles curvilinear grids via WMS, so I
        was hoping the
        > same sort of intervening magic could be applied for TDS'
        WCS service?
        > Thoughts?
        > Thanks for listening!,
        > John Maurer
        > Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS)
        > University of Hawaii at Manoa

        thredds mailing list
        thredds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:thredds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
        For list information or to unsubscribe,  visit:

    thredds mailing list
    thredds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:thredds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
    For list information or to unsubscribe,  visit:

thredds mailing list
For list information or to unsubscribe, visit:

thredds mailing list
thredds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:thredds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
For list information or to unsubscribe, visit:

thredds mailing list
For list information or to unsubscribe,  visit:

  • 2011 messages navigation, sorted by:
    1. Thread
    2. Subject
    3. Author
    4. Date
    5. ↑ Table Of Contents
  • Search the thredds archives: