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[THREDDS #GUY-357996]: Grabbing RAP data with xarray from THREDDS


You're close to having it, but there are a couple more steps you need to do to 
get the data--and a couple of options on how to proceed. The big difference is 
that you're handing XArray URLs to data on the server, but the URLs are not for 
services that xarray understands how to use.

Also, I would use siphon to make your life easier:

  from siphon.catalog import TDSCatalog
  import xarray as xr
  from xarray.backends import NetCDF4DataStore

  # Open catalog with Siphon
  cat = 
  ds = cat.datasets['ruc2anl_130_20101026_1200_000.grb2']
  ncss = ds.subset()

  # See what variables are available

  # Use NCSS to download a subset of variables, letting THREDDS convert GRIB to 
  query = ncss.query()
  query.variables('Temperature_isobaric', 'Geopotential_height_isobaric')
  nc = ncss.get_data(query)

  dataset = xr.open_dataset(NetCDF4DataStore(nc))

I was also able to use siphon to download the grib file and open using cfgrib, 
but it wasn't immediately clear how to get cfgrib to open without error:

  # Use cfgrib
  dataset = xr.open_dataset(ds.name, engine='cfgrib', 
backend_kwargs={'filter_by_keys':{'typeOfLevel': 'isobaricInhPa'}})

Hope this helps,


> Hi,
> I am struggling grabbing data from the THREDDS server using xarray. I'm
> not sure if it is a problem accessing the server or if it is a problem
> with cf grib. I thought I would check here first to verify that the
> THREDDS implementation is correct.
> If I try the following command (borrowing some of the syntax from
> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9j7Y1-lk-o):
> ds = xr.open_dataset('https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/thredds/ncss/ruc130anl/
> 201010/20101026/ruc2anl_130_20101026_1200_000.grb2',decode_times    
> True,engine=)
> It says the file does not exist. Following the link, the path is
> correct. If I remove the https://, it seems to work, prompting me to
> use the cfgrib engine despite grabbing it from the netcdf subset server?
> Regardless, if I use the cfgrib engine:
> ds = xr.open_dataset('www.ncei.noaa.gov/thredds/ncss/ruc130anl/201010/
> 20101026/ruc2anl_130_20101026_1200_000.grb2',decode_times=True,engine    
> 'cfgrib')
> Can't create file 
> '/home/alex/www.ncei.noaa.gov/thredds/ncss/ruc130anl/201010/20101026/ruc2anl_130_20101026_1200_000.grb2.4cc40.idx'
> Followed by an error saying it is unable to open that .idx file. I looked
> into the documentation for cfgrib and it appears that the backend can
> be changed to not create an .idx file, however I end up getting this:
> ds = xr.open_dataset('www.ncei.noaa.gov/thredds/ncss/ruc130anl/201010/
> 20101026/ruc2anl_130_20101026_1200_000.grb2',decode_times=True,engine    
> 'cfgrib',backend_kwargs={'indexpath':''})
> FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 
> '/home/alex/www.ncei.noaa.gov/thredds/ncss/ruc130anl/201010/20101026/ruc2anl_130_20101026_1200_000.grb2'
> I'm sure somewhere along the way I'm getting tripped up in the syntax, but
> I'm not sure exactly where.

Ticket Details
Ticket ID: GUY-357996
Department: Support THREDDS
Priority: Normal
Status: Closed
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